Storm Damage on Asphalt Shingles

Published on: 8/2/2023

4 mins read

This article explores the causes and consequences of storm damage on asphalt shingle roofs, as well as the crucial signs to look out for and the restoration process to preserve and protect your roofing investment.

Causes of Storm Damage on Asphalt Shingle Roofs

a. High Winds: Strong winds during storms can lift and displace shingles, leading to gaps and exposing the underlying roof structure. Wind-driven debris can also cause abrasions and punctures on the shingle surface.

b. Heavy Rainfall: Extended periods of heavy rainfall can saturate the shingles, leading to water infiltration and causing leaks in the roofing system.

c. Hail Impact: Hailstones can cause extensive damage to asphalt shingles, creating dents, fractures, and punctures. The granule layer on the shingles may also wear away due to hail impact.

d. Fallen Tree Limbs and Debris: During storms, trees may shed limbs or branches, which can crash onto the roof and damage shingles, causing tears and holes.

e. Ice Dams: In colder climates, snow and ice can accumulate on the roof, leading to ice dams. When the ice melts and refreezes, it can lift shingles and create gaps, allowing water to seep underneath.

Recognizing Storm Damage on Asphalt Shingle Roofs

a. Missing or Lifted Shingles: Strong winds can cause shingles to detach or lift at the edges, exposing the roof to potential water damage.

b. Cracked or Broken Shingles: Hail impact and heavy debris can create cracks and breaks on the shingle surface.

c. Granule Loss: Hail, debris, and abrasion can cause the granules on the shingles to wear away, leaving bare spots.

d. Dented Shingles: Hail can leave dents and depressions on the shingles, compromising their structural integrity.

e. Water Leaks: Water stains or visible leaks in the attic or ceilings are indicative of storm damage.

f. Loose Flashing: Storms can loosen or displace flashing around chimneys, vents, and skylights, potentially leading to water infiltration.

g. Clogged Gutters: Debris from the storm may clog gutters and downspouts, leading to water backups and roof overflow.

Immediate Steps After Storm Damage

a. Safety First: Prioritize safety and avoid inspecting the roof during the storm or immediately afterward. Wait for favorable weather conditions.

b. Temporary Repairs: If possible and safe, cover exposed areas with tarps or plastic sheets to prevent water intrusion until professional help arrives.

c. Document the Damage: Take photographs and notes to document the extent of the storm damage. This documentation will be useful for insurance claims.

Storm Damage Restoration Process

a. Professional Inspection: Contact a licensed roofing contractor to conduct a thorough inspection of the roof. They will assess the extent of the damage and provide a comprehensive report.

b. Insurance Claims: If the damage is substantial, contact your insurance provider and initiate the claims process. Provide the documentation and assessment report to support your claim.

c. Repairs or Replacement: Depending on the severity of the damage, the roofing contractor will recommend repairs or replacement of the affected shingles. In severe cases, the entire roof might need replacement.

d. Addressing Water Damage: If water has penetrated the roofing system, it's essential to address any water-related issues, such as mold growth or structural damage, during the restoration process.

e. Upgrading: Consider upgrading your roofing system with impact-resistant shingles to enhance its resilience against future storms.


Storm damage on asphalt shingle roofs can be a challenging experience for homeowners, but timely action and professional intervention can minimize the impact and preserve the roof's longevity. Regular maintenance, prompt repairs, and strategic upgrades are key to ensuring your asphalt shingle roof remains a robust and reliable protective barrier against the forces of nature for many years to come.